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  • Writer's pictureJapan Itinerary Assistant

Japan Public Holidays

Updated: Jul 10, 2023

Japan is a country that celebrates many public holidays throughout the year. From New Year’s Day to the Emperor’s Birthday, there are numerous occasions to celebrate, honor, and remember the country’s history and culture.


The New Year’s Holiday is the first of the public holidays in Japan, and is celebrated from January 1st to 3rd. On New Year’s Day, families gather to pray for good fortune and health in the coming year. The holiday is also celebrated with traditional foods such as mochi (rice cakes) and osechi (New Year’s dishes).


Coming of Age Day is celebrated on the second Monday of January. This holiday honors those who have turned 20 years old during the year, as this is the legal age of adulthood in Japan. On this day, citizens dress in their finest attire and attend ceremonies to commemorate their transition into adulthood.


The Emperor’s Birthday is celebrated on the 23rd of December and honors the current Emperor of Japan. This holiday is marked with a public holiday, and the Emperor makes a public appearance to greet the people of Japan.

The Spring Equinox is celebrated on the first day of spring, and is a public holiday to honor the ancestors. On this day, families gather to remember and pay respect to their ancestors.

The Golden Week is a week-long holiday that occurs in late April or early May, and consists of four public holidays. Shōwa Day, Constitution Memorial Day, Greenery Day, and Children’s Day are all celebrated during this week.


The Summer Obon Festival is a Buddhist holiday that is celebrated in mid-August. During this festival, families gather to honor their ancestors and make offerings to the spirits of their ancestors. The festival is celebrated with traditional dance and music, as well as with traditional foods.

The Autumnal Equinox is celebrated on the first day of autumn, and is a public holiday to honor the ancestors. On this day, families gather to remember and pay respect to their ancestors.

The New Year’s Holiday is the last of the public holidays in Japan, and is celebrated from December 28th to January 3rd. On New Year’s Eve, families gather to pray for good fortune and health in the coming year. The holiday is also celebrated with traditional foods such as mochi (rice cakes) and osechi (New Year’s dishes).

Japan is a country that celebrates many public holidays throughout the year. From New Year’s Day to the Emperor’s Birthday, there are numerous occasions to celebrate, honor, and remember the country’s history and culture.

Japan Public Holidays

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